What does an eye examination involve?
Symptoms and History: The Optometrist will ask various questions about your eyes and your health, to gather information specific to you. This is to help them make the examination specific to your needs. You may also be asked about any medication you are on, this is because some drugs can have side effects that affect the eyes. It may be useful to bring a list of your current medications with you.
Visual Acuity: Your vision both with and without glasses will be checked, so please remember to bring your old glasses along to the appointment.
Refraction: This is when the optometrist decides whether you would see better with new glasses and may provide a spectacle prescription.
Muscle Balance: This is where we check that the two eyes are working together properly, it may be possible to offer exercises to help here.
Ophthalmoscopy: This torch like instrument allows us to look inside your eyes to check their health.
What other tests may we do?
Tonometry: This measures the eye pressure, a routine check for glaucoma, normally carried out on patients over 40 years old.
Visual Fields: This measures the peripheral vision and is another test for glaucoma as well as other possible eye related problems.
Amsler Grid Test: This is a very sensitive method for checking your central vision. It is used to check the function of the macular, which is where fine vision is responsible for tasks like reading and driving. Detecting small changes early can prevent severe deterioration from diseases such as age-related macular degeneration[AMD] If the optometrist thinks you are at risk of AMD he may recommend a dietary supplement which directly targets this sensitive area of the retina.
Retinal Photography: This camera allows us to take a photograph of the back of your eye, giving us a permanent record of any changes which can be referred to at subsequent visits.
Slit Lamp Bio-microscopy: This enables a magnified view of the anterior of the eye. It is particularly useful in contact lens fitting and dry eye assessment.